Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has signalled it would allow the naira to weaken past its official rate as it gradually unwinds its regime of multiple exchange rates, data on its website shows.
In effect, the CBN has stopped publishing near-fixed rate on its website and it now said that the rate will be “market-determined.’’
The central bank used to have an official rate as strong as 305 naira per dollar. That rate was used to ensure that some traders including, fuel importers, got cheap dollars.
Bloomberg reported that a move toward a market-determined exchange rate will be welcomed by investors, who have long accused the government of some level of capital controls and bemoaned the system of multiple exchange rates.
The central bank is in talks with other agencies to move to a single rate for the nation’s currency, Yewande Sadiku, head of the Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC), said last month.
“Putting that on the website means the central bank is gradually moving towards a single exchange-rate window,” Kunle Ezun, a currency analyst at Ecobank Transnational Inc in Lagos, said by phone. “It is making the exchange rate more liquid to attract more inflows.”
Nigerian Customs Service told importers yesterday to pay for duties at a weaker rate of 326 naira per dollar from 306 naira citing a directive from central bank, according to Jonathan Nicol, President of Shippers Association of Lagos State.
According to Bloomberg, calls to Isaac Okorafor, central bank spokesman, didn’t connect and there was no reply to text messages.
The interbank rate was 0.2% weaker at 360.43 naira per dollar as of 6p.m. in Lagos